Homophones are words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings. Here are some of the most commonly confused words:
1.Its & it’s
Its: a pronoun that refers to something it possesses
Example: Its fur is wet.
It’s: a contraction for it is
Example: It’s going to rain tonight.
2. Whose & who’s
Whose: a pronoun that refers to something who possesses
Example: Whose bag is this?
Who’s: a contraction for who is
Example: Who’s going to the store?
3. Your & you’re
Your: a pronoun that refers to something you possess.
Example: Is that your car?
You’re: a contraction for you are
Example: You’re going to the store.
4. There, their & they’re
There: an adverb that refers to a place
Example: I was there when the class began.
Their: a pronoun that refers to something they possess
Example: It’s their car.
They’re: a contraction for they are
Example: They’re going out.
5. Where, were & we’re
Where: an adverb that refers to location
Example: Where are you going?
Were: a verb that is past tense of to be
Example: We were going to the store.
We’re: a contraction for we are
Example: We’re going to the mall instead.
6. Two, too & to
Two: a word for the number 2
Example: I have two dogs.
Too: an adverb that means excessively or also
Examples: I have too many dogs
Do you want to go too?
To: a preposition or part of an infinitive (i.e., to rain, to run)
Examples: Yuka walked to the store.
“To be or not to be: that is the question…”
7. Then & than
Then: an adverb that signifies at that time
Example: What were you doing then?
Than: a conjunction that shows comparison.
Example: It is hotter than boiling water in here.
8. Quiet & quite
Quiet: an adjective that means silent
Example: Let’s see how quiet we can be.
Quite: an adverb that means truly or entirely
Example: I’m quite fed up with everything.
9. Loose & lose
Loose: an adjective that means free or not tight
Examples: My zipper is loose.
Lose: a verb that means to misplace
Example: I lose my keys every day.
10. Since & sense
Since: a conjunction similar in meaning to because
Example: Since I went to the store for you, you owe me money.
Sense: a verb meaning to feel or perceive;
or a noun that signifies the faculties with which we feel or perceive.
Examples: I sense something is going on.
That numbs my senses.
11. Affect & effect
Affect: a verb that means to have an influence on
Example: His friends affect his decisions.
Effect: a noun that means result;
or a verb that means to bring about
Examples: The experiment had many effects.
His decision effected change.
12. Desert & dessert
Desert: a noun for a dry barren place
Example: Cacti grow in the desert.
Dessert: a noun for sweet food at the end of a meal
Example: I want a banana split for dessert.
13. Forth & fourth
Forth: an adverb for forward or onward
Example: Go forth, young man!
Fourth: a noun or adjective indicating a position of 4 in a countable series.
Example: He won the fourth place prize for the marathon.
14. Whether & weather
Whether: a pronoun or conjunction indicating alternative possibilities
Example: Whether or not I go to college, I will have a job.
Weather: a noun referring to the state of the atmosphere
Example: The weather has been so rainy this week.
15. Threw, through & thorough
Threw: the past tense of throw
Example: The man threw a stick to the dog.
Through: a preposition, adverb or adjective indicating movement or a state
Examples: I walked through the cafeteria.
The shirt was completely soaked through.
I am through with this exam.
Thorough: an adjective indicating completion or mastery
Example: He did a thorough job completing the assignment.