Physical Impairments

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Federal Definition:

The physical capacity to move, coordinate actions, or perform physical activities is significantly limited, impaired, or delayed and is exhibited by difficulties in one or more of the following areas: physical and motor tasks; independent movement; performing basic life functions. The term shall include severe orthopedic impairments or impairments caused by congenital anomaly, cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures if such impairment adversely affects a student's educational performance.

National Organizations/Resources

Cerebral Palsy - KidsHealth

http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/brain/cerebral_palsy.html   
KidsHealth is the largest and most visited site on the Web providing doctor-approved health information about children from before birth through adolescence. This site explains cerebral palsy including types of CP, what doctors do and treatments.

National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR)

http://www.nichd.nih.gov/about/org/ncmrr/   
The National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) was established within the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The mission of NCMRR is to foster development of scientific knowledge needed to enhance the health, productivity, independence, and quality of life of persons with disabilities.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/index.htm   
The mission of NINDS is to reduce the burden of neurological disease - a burden borne by every age group, by every segment of society, by people all over the world.

Alternating Hemiplegia

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/alternatinghemiplegia/alternatinghemiplegia.htm  

Cerebral Palsy

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/cerebral_palsy.htm  

Congenital Myopathy

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/myopathy_congenital/myopathy_congenital.htm  

Infantile Hypotonia

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/hypotonia/hypotonia.htm  

Muscular Dystrophy

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/md/md.htm  

Spinal Cord Injury

http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/sci/sci.htm  

United Cerebral Palsy (UCP)

http://www.ucp.org/   
The UCP national organization and its nationwide network of affiliates strive to ensure the inclusion of persons with disabilities in every facet of society-from the Web to the workplace, from the classroom to the community. UCP's mission is to advance the independence, productivity and full citizenship of people with disabilities through an affiliate network.